Summary: Scientists illuminated a compelling link between experiencing science spiritually and enhanced wellbeing, akin to the psychological uplift often linked to religious beliefs.
The research delves into the “Spirituality of Science,” exploring its association with profound feelings of transcendence, awe, and interconnectedness, thus positioning science as a potent source of meaningful, awe-inspiring experiences. A pivotal discovery reveals that even amidst atheists and agnostics, a spiritual approach to science correlates with markers of psychological wellbeing, such as happiness and a sense of life’s meaning.
This novel intersection of science and spirituality not only redefines perspectives on wellbeing but also implies that evoking a sense of wonder in science education could fortify engagement and retention, sculpting enriched educational outcomes.
- Spirituality of Science: The concept explores profound feelings of transcendence, connection, and meaning derived from engaging with science, paralleling aspects of religious spirituality.
- Wellbeing Correlation: Among atheists and agnostics, a spiritual relationship with science is correlated with markers of positive psychological wellbeing, such as happiness and a sense of purpose.
- Educational Implications: Experiences of awe and meaning in science predicted heightened engagement and improved recall of scientific information, suggesting that spiritual experiences in science may foster better educational outcomes.
Source: University of Warwick
Research led by psychologists at the University of Warwick has revealed a profound connection between the spirituality of science and positive wellbeing, much like the benefits traditionally associated with religion.
The research explored how people use science as a source of spirituality and its connection with their sense of wellbeing.
Dr Jesse Preston, Associate Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Warwick and lead author of the study said: “Spirituality is most often associated with religion, but science can be a powerful source of awe and wonder for many. It can provide a meaningful source of understanding oneself and the universe, and it can foster a sense of connection to others and our place in the world.”
Science parallels positive wellbeing observed in religious people
In three studies, Dr. Preston and her research team surveyed 1197 people (602 men, 589 women, and 6 others) on their attitudes towards religious beliefs, spirituality and their interest and belief in science.
The first study established the concept of “Spirituality of Science”, and asked people about feelings of transcendence, connection and meaning when engaging with science. Participants’ responses were compared with other attitudes towards science, including an interest in science and belief in science, feelings of awe, meaning in their lives and religious beliefs.
Spirituality of Science was related to belief in science, but unlike other attitudes including interest in science and belief in science, Spirituality of Science was also associated with feelings of awe and general spirituality. This showed that scientific sources of spirituality may be psychologically similar to religious spirituality.
In the second study, the researchers focused specifically on a group of 526 atheists and agnostics, and found that Spirituality of Science was correlated with measures of psychological wellbeing, such as happiness, and meaning in life.
Preston explained: “Previous research has found that religious belief generally predicts positive mental wellbeing, but it has also implied that non-religious people may be subject to poorer psychological wellbeing. This research has found that in fact, sources of spirituality outside of religion, like science, can have similar positive effects.”
Meaningful experiences could improve educational outcomes in science
The third study investigated links between Spirituality of Science and engagement and learning in science, and found that spiritual experiences in science predicted stronger engagement and recall of scientific information.
Dr Preston says the findings of the research could improve the teaching and learning of science in schools and predict better educational outcomes:
“Although science and religion differ in many ways, they share a capacity for spirituality through feelings of awe, coherence, and meaning in life. This capacity for spirituality has some important benefits and implications, as this research has found.
“People with greater feelings of Spirituality of Science were more positively engaged with science material, which predicted better science performance. And in a group of atheists and agnostics, Spirituality of Science predicted measures of well-being and meaning in life, paralleling the positive effects of religion that is frequently observed in religious people.
Dr Preston added: “This work contributes not only to our current understanding of science attitudes but also to our general understanding of spirituality.”
About this neuroscience and wellbeing research news
Original Research: Open access.
“Spirituality of Science: Implications for Meaning, Well-Being, and Learning” by Jesse Preston et al. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Spirituality of Science: Implications for Meaning, Well-Being, and Learning
Scientists often refer to spiritual experiences with science. This research addresses this unique component of science attitudes—spirituality of science: feelings of meaning, awe, and connection derived through scientific ideas. Three studies (N = 1,197) examined individual differences in Spirituality of Science (SoS) and its benefits for well-being, meaning, and learning.
Spirituality of Science was related to belief in science, but unlike other science attitudes, spirituality of science was also associated with trait awe and general spirituality (Study 1). spirituality of science also predicted meaning in life and emotional well-being in a group of atheists and agnostics, showing that scientific sources of spirituality can provide similar psychological benefits as religious spirituality (Study 2).
Finally, Spirituality of Science predicted stronger engagement and recall of scientific information (Study 3). Results provide support for an experience of spirituality related to science, with benefits for meaning, well-being, and learning.